Whether your doctor has prescribed you danazol or you’re just doing some initial research on the drug, you might be wondering, what is danazol exactly and what is it for?
Keep reading to learn more about this prescription drug, including the danazol mechanism of action, uses, and side effects.
What Is Danazol?
Although this medication used to be sold under the danazol brand name, Danocrine, these days most doctors and pharmacies where you can buy danazol online and in-store only refer to it as danazol.
Danazol is a synthetic steroid derived from ethisterone and is in a class of medications called androgens or androgenic hormones.
What Conditions Does Danazol Treat?
The main danazol use is for treating women with the uterus disorder, endometriosis. Doctors also prescribe danazol to treat fibrocystic breast disease, which can cause breast pain, tenderness, and nodules. Some doctors also use danazol to treat men and women with hereditary angioedema, a congenital disease that causes swelling in the abdomen, legs, face, and airways.
How Does Danazol Work?
Danazol has a complex mechanism of action (MOA). The danazol MOA treats endometriosis and fibrocystic breast disease by decreasing the amount of hormones made by the ovaries – hormones that worsen these conditions. For the treatment of angioedema, danazol helps by increasing the amount of a certain protein in your body’s immune system to reduce swelling.
Danazol comes in 50 mg, 100 mg, and 200 mg oral capsules to be taken by mouth, either with or without food. Usually, people with endometriosis or fibrocystic breast disease take it twice a day while those taking it for hereditary angioedema take it two or three times per day.
You must not take danazol if you are pregnant or intend to become pregnant since danazol may harm the fetus. Danazol can also decrease the effectiveness of hormonal contraceptives such as birth control pills and implants so you should not use these as your only method of birth control during treatment.
Danazol Side Effects
Some common side effects of danazol include:
- weight gain
- oily skin or hair
- voice changes
- sore throat
- flushing and sweating
- hair loss
- abnormal body hair growth (in women)
- decreased breast size
- changes in the menstrual cycle
- vaginal dryness
- mood changes
If any of these danazol side effects persist, worsen, or cause you great discomfort, see your doctor straight away.
Some rarer but more serious danazol side effects include:
- severe dizziness
- breathing problems
- swelling of the face, tongue, throat, hands, or feet
- itchiness and rashes
- extreme mood changes
Some of these danazol side effects could be a sign that you are having an allergic reaction to the medication so you should see your doctor as soon as possible if you experience any of them.
Your Quick Guide to Danazol and How to Use It
With this guide to explain everything in more detail, you should now know the answers to questions such as, ‘what is danazol?’ and ‘how do I take it?’
That said, if your doctor prescribes danazol to you, you should take the opportunity to ask them any questions as a way to find out more about what to expect from taking this medication.
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