Ammi (Queen Anne’s Lace) Growing Guide

Creating a captivating bouquet requires the perfect blend of “filler” flowers that add depth and elegance, and the Ammi flower excels in this role.

Known scientifically as Ammi majus, this charming plant features delicate, lacy white blooms that add grace to any arrangement.

The Ammi flower can standing tall at up to 4 feet, with feathery green leaves. It is a stunning addition to any garden, whether in a wild meadow or a carefully cultivated space.

Gardeners can grow ammi flowers easily right in the garden because they thrive in diverse environments, showcasing their adaptability and resilience, and bring quick, rewarding results.

About Ammi Flowers
About Ammi Flowers

Not only are they beautiful, but they also attract beneficial insects, making them a valuable asset to the health of your garden. Beyond their ornamental value, Ammi flowers are also known for their medicinal properties, particularly in treating skin conditions such as psoriasis and vitiligo.

Join us as we delve into the enchanting world of Ammi flowers. In this guide, we’ll explore everything from selecting the ideal growing site to planting, nurturing, and maintaining these exquisite blooms.

Scientific name Ammi majus
Common name Bishop’s Weed, Queen Anne’s Lace, Laceflower, Bullwort
Family Carrot Apiaceae
Plant Type Annual
Height 4 ft
Sunlight Full sun to partial shade
Soil Well-drained soil
Flower Color White
Flowering Season Summer (June to August)
Habitat Native to the Nile River Valley; in meadows, fields, and gardens


Ammi flowers are primarily propagated from seeds. Choose quality seeds and soak them in water for 24 hours before planting.

Start seeds indoors 6-8 weeks before the last frost using seed trays with well-draining seed-starting mix. Sow seeds on the surface, lightly covering them, and maintain consistent moisture in a warm, bright area.

Seeds typically germinate within 10-14 days. Once seedlings appear, provide ample light to prevent legginess and gradually acclimate them to outdoor conditions 1-2 weeks before transplanting.



Growing Celosia Flowers


Types of Ammi majus:

  • Ammi majus resembles wild Queen Anne’s Lace, featuring light, airy blooms that thrive in spring and early summer, making it a favorite for its ethereal beauty.
  • Ammi visnaga is more robust, with sturdy greenish-white blooms that perform well in summer heat and fall, adding structure to bouquets despite its distinct smell.
  • Dara, also known as Daucus carota or False Queen Anne’s Lace, offers pink, purple, and white blooms. Though not technically an “Ammi,” it adds a unique charm to arrangements and gardens.

Ammi flowers thrive in full sun to partial shade, needing at least 6-8 hours of sunlight daily. They prefer well-drained, fertile loamy soil with an optimal pH level between 6.0 and 7.5. Choosing the right site is crucial for healthy growth and abundant blooms.

Begin by loosening the soil to a depth of about 12 inches. Incorporate compost or well-rotted manure to improve soil fertility and drainage.

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To enhance germination rates, mimic winter weather by placing Ammi seeds in the refrigerator or freezer for two weeks before sowing. This cold stratification process helps break seed dormancy, ensuring better germination.


Direct Sow in the Garden

For spring sowing, plant seeds after the last frost date. For fall sowing, plant seeds in late fall for natural cold stratification.

Sow seeds at a shallow depth of about 1/8 inch and space them approximately 12-18 inches apart. Keep the soil moist but not waterlogged until germination occurs.

Direct Sow in the Garden
Direct Sow in the Garden


Start Seedlings Indoors

Start seeds indoors 6-8 weeks before the last expected frost date. Use seed trays or small pots filled with seed-starting mix.

Sow seeds on the surface and lightly press them into the soil without burying them deeply. Place the trays in a bright location with indirect sunlight or under grow lights. Keep the soil consistently moist and maintain a temperature of 65-70°F (18-21°C).

Gradually acclimate seedlings to outdoor conditions over a week by hardening them off. Transplant seedlings into the garden after the last frost date, maintaining a spacing of 12-18 inches apart.

Water thoroughly after transplanting and keep the soil consistently moist until the plants are established.

Tips: Plant Ammi alongside zinnias, cosmos, and sunflowers for a beautiful, pollinator-friendly garden.

Start Seedlings Indoors and Transplant
Start Seedlings Indoors and Transplant


Care for Ammi Flowers

Here are main requirements for taking care of Ammi flowers:

  • Ensure soil remains consistently moist.
  • Apply 50 gm Nitrogen per m2 NPK 17:17:17 one month.
  • Provide stakes or supports for tall varieties.
  • Make sure Ammi receives at least 6-8 hours of sunlight daily.
  • Plant successions of Ammi majus and Ammi visnaga 2-3 weeks apart to extend the flowering period.



Ammi flowers need 6-8 hours of sunlight daily, thriving in full sun to partial shade. Proper sunlight ensures healthy growth and abundant blooms, making it essential for vibrant, thriving plants.



Ammi flowers prefer well-drained, fertile loamy soil with a pH between 6.0 and 7.5. This soil type retains moisture while allowing excess water to drain, preventing root rot. Amend the soil with compost or organic matter to enhance fertility and structure.



Ammi flowers need about 1 inch of water per week. Water deeply once or twice a week, preferably in the morning. During hot weather, increase watering frequency.

Always check soil moisture before watering to avoid overwatering; soil should be moist but not waterlogged. Mulch helps retain moisture.


Temperature and Humidity

Ammi flowers thrive in temperatures between 60°F to 75°F (15°C to 24°C) and are suitable for USDA zones 5-9. Extreme heat can cause wilting and fading. To protect them, provide partial shade during the hottest parts of the day and ensure consistent watering.

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Young seedlings and tender growth are vulnerable to late frosts; protect them with row covers or cloches if frost is expected.

This plant prefers moderate humidity. In high humidity areas, ensure good air circulation to prevent fungal diseases like powdery mildew.



Use clean, sharp shears to remove spent flowers, encouraging new blooms and maintaining plant health. Cut stems at a 45-degree angle, just above a leaf node. Prune regularly during the blooming season, ideally in the morning, to promote continuous flowering.



Apply nitrogen at a rate of 50 grams per square meter using NPK 17:17:17 one month after planting. Fertilize monthly during the growing season. Avoid excessive nitrogen, as it promotes vegetative growth, resulting in weak stems, poor quality cut flowers, and low yields.

Care for Ammi Flowers
Care for Ammi Flowers



Ammi flower sap can cause contact dermatitis, known as phytophotodermatitis, when exposed to sunlight. This results in burns and blisters that can scar and leave dark patches for months.

Always wear long pants, long sleeves, and gloves when handling Ammi flowers to avoid sap contact. If sap contacts your skin, wash the area immediately with soap and water and avoid sunlight.


Pests and Diseases

Ammi flowers can be targeted by pests like aphids and spider mites. Aphids cause distorted growth and a sticky residue, while spider mites lead to stippled leaves and webbing.

To manage these pests, regularly inspect your plants and use insecticidal soap or neem oil to treat infestations. Beneficial insects like ladybugs and predatory mites can also help control pests.

Pests and Diseases
Pests and Diseases

Besides, powdery mildew appears as a white, powdery coating on the ammi leaves, hindering photosynthesis and weakening the plant. Ensure good air circulation and avoid overhead watering to prevent this. If detected, treat with a fungicide.

Also, root rot results in yellowing leaves and wilting. Ensure well-drained soil and avoid waterlogging the plants to prevent root rot. If root rot occurs, remove affected plants and improve soil drainage.


Common Problems

Yellowing Leaves

Yellowing leaves often indicate drought stress, nutrient deficiency, or incorrect soil pH. Ensure consistent watering, use mulch to retain soil moisture, and apply a balanced, all-purpose fertilizer to provide necessary nutrients.

Test the soil pH and adjust it with lime or sulfur to maintain the optimal range of 6.0 to 7.5.


Poor Growth

Poor growth can result from overcrowding, nutrient deficiency, or heat stress. Thin seedlings and space plants adequately to ensure good air circulation and reduce competition for resources.

Regularly fertilize with a balanced, all-purpose fertilizer to support healthy growth. During hot weather, provide partial shade and ensure consistent watering to prevent heat stress.

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Harvest Ammi flowers early in the morning when they are fully hydrated. Pick flowers when fully open but before they start to fade.

Use sharp, clean scissors or garden shears to Cut stems at a 45-degree angle. This minimizes damage to the stems, reduces the risk of disease and increase the surface area for water absorption.

Cut to the desired length for your arrangements, usually leaving a few inches of foliage at the base. Place cut stems in clean water immediately after harvesting to keep the flowers hydrated.




Fresh Ammi Flowers Arrangement

After cutting, place the flowers in a bucket of clean water to keep them hydrated and prevent wilting.

Let the flowers sit in a cool, dark place for a few hours or overnight to maximize hydration. Ammi flowers typically last 5-7 days in a vase.

Fresh Ammi Flowers Arrangement
Fresh Ammi Flowers Arrangement


Dried Ammi Flowers

Gather small bunches of stems and secure them with a rubber band or string. Hang the bundles upside down in a cool, dry, and dark place with good air circulation. This helps the flowers retain their shape and color, usually taking 2-3 weeks to dry completely.

Use dried flowers in wreaths, garlands, and other decorative projects, lasting up to 6-12 months if stored properly.

Dried Ammi Flowers
Dried Ammi Flowers


Silica Gel Drying

Fill the bottom of an airtight container with a layer of silica gel. Place the flowers in the container without letting them touch each other. Gently pour more silica gel over the flowers until they are fully covered.

Seal the container and store it in a cool, dry place for 1-2 weeks, checking occasionally to ensure proper drying. When preserved using silica gel, Ammi flowers can last up to 1-2 years.

Ammi (Queen Anne’s Lace) Growing Guide
Ammi (Queen Anne’s Lace) Growing Guide

By following the above guide you can grow ammi flowers in the garden successfully. Look for the happiness right from the nature!

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